The introduction of free basic education policy in Ghana has seen a rapid transformation and a great improvement in girl child education in the last decade. However, ECEFF identifies that existing gender inequalities in relation to climate and environmental subjects or low girl child participation in STEM education (emerging issues report, 2021). Girls are still assigned to the kitchen or cooking duties due to gender norms. Cooking fuels such as kerosene and conventional solid fuels, have detrimental effects on people's health, the environment, and the economy (see Figure 1). A study revealed that the prices of electricity and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) are on the rise and this is making their adoption very low (see Figure 2).

There is an increased indoor pollution health related diseases in girls and women who cook in Ghana (Koranteng et. al., 2012). The use of an alternative clean cooking fuels which can be produced locally and reasonably priced, should be promoted (Adu et. al., 2022).

Figure 2 (left); the exposure of girls to emission from dirty cooking fuels (souce; ECEFF), Figure 3 (right); the increasing price of clean cooking fuels in Ghana (Adu et, al,. 2022).

About Energy and Carbon Efficiency (ECEFF)

The organization, Energy and Carbon Efficiency (ECEFF) was established in 2022 to promote efficient energy generation and consumption with minimal greenhouse gas emissions for sustainable development through research and application of research, education and training, advocacy and consultancy services. ECEFF works keenly, hoping to see its contribution to education, energy and environmental policy decisions yield results as it’s cooperate efforts in making a sustainable world for the future generation.

Figure 1; Organizational logo with call activities focused on promoting SDGs 7, 9, 11, 12, and 13.

1. The applied research solution(s) being proposed at the nexus of education, climate and gender

ECEFF seeks to advance climate action through research, education and training to equip the youth. In our effort to curb indoor air pollution which affects girls/women without fighting cultural norms, ECEFF funded a research study aimed to explore the potential of a locally produced ethanol as an alternative solution to dirty cooking fuels in Ghana. The research revealed that cassava ethanol offers a better replacement for dirty cooking fuels like; wood fuel and charcoal compared to other clean cooking fuels. Email; Tel: +233245487608 We demonstrated this by comparing the rising prices of LPG and electricity to a cheap large-scale production of cassava ethanol (Adu et, al,. 2022).

2. Education and Training Workshop for climate action (our proposed solutions and techniques)

Figure 4; Youth involvement in Climate Change Mitigation workshops held for Students (source; ECEFF)
Figure 5; Youth led public education (House-to-House) on clean cooking fuel adoption for girls/women in the Ghanaian kitchen.

As part of our strategies to curb indoor air pollution which affects girls/women in Ghana, ECEFF leverages on public education and training workshops based on evidenced based research (see Figure 4 and 5). This is to increase awareness and speed up the rate of adoption of clean energy utilization.

3. How our solutions will enable and empower Indigenous Peoples, local communities, women, and/or youth to lead climate action.

We strongly believe our strategic solutions will equip the Ghanaian peoples; women, and/or youth to lead climate action. This is because our education and training programs are tailored to promote understanding in climate issues for all levels of participants. Thus we explain the health, environmental and economic benefits of clean energy adoption through group discussions, and practical exercises concluded with group and individual presentations.

4. The potential of the solution to have a significant impact

Our research, education and training on energy efficiency and clean energy solutions for climate action will increase their adoption and thereby improve the health of girls/women in the Ghanaian kitchen, reduce greenhouse emission and increase economic resilience. We have therefore written to the Ghana Education Service, the energy commission of Ghana, and the Environmental Protection Agency of Ghana to partner with us to integrate climate change themes in education curriculum in our bid to achieve greater impact. We also look forward to partner with international bodies like USAID for greater impact.

Daniel Essiet

2.4 billion people live without access to clean cooking. It costs the world $2.4 trillion in climate damage and local economies and 3.2 million deaths yearly


Clean Energy Must Double By 2030: The supply of electricity from clean energy sources must double within the next eight years